E.A. Fedorova. STUDYING THE WORKS OF F.M. DOSTOEVSKY IN A MULTICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
F.M. Dostoevsky, «Crime and Punishment», «Netochka Nezvanova», «The Dream of a Ridiculous Man», multicultural environment.
A system of classes aimed at implementing an axiological approach to the work of F.M. Dostoevsky is proposed. In the 8th grade, the story Netochka Nezvanova is studied, the story of the musician Efimov correlates with the gospel parable about talent. In the 9th grade there is an acquaintance with one storyline of the novel Crime and punishment – the history of the Marmaladov family. Turning to the gospel will help you understand the theme of the Last Judgment, the idea of salvation and resurrection. In the 10th grade familiarity with the concept of dominant by A.A. Ukhtomsky – the orientation of the personality – will help to explain Raskolnikov’s Petersburg, his theory and his ideological crime. The story about the Double and the Interlocutor (the teachings of A.A. Ukhtomsky) will help you understand why Raskolnikov rejects Luzhin and Svidrigailov, in whom he sees his Double, and why Raskolnikov needs to communicate with Sonya Marmeladova, who becomes his Interlocutor. The epilogue of the novel can be correlated with The House of the Dead by F.M. Dostoevsky, an autobiographical work. To complete the study of Dostoevsky’s work, you can use the program story «The Dream of a Ridiculous Man».