Russian language, diminutives, politeness, pragmatics, informal style.

The article discusses in detail the role of diminutives as a means of politeness in the Russian language. Diminutives that do not express the meaning of small size are very characteristic of the Russian language and perform a number of functions. One of these functions is the marking of politeness. Historically, diminutives played the role of an etiquette in the formal language of Muscovite Rus, but with the exception of this period, diminutives serve as a means of politeness only in an informal style. Polite diminutives are in demand in various discourses and situations: requests, treats, for the manifestation of modesty when mentioning their work, in the communication between the buyer and the seller, for the euphemistic replacement of nominations for defects in appearance, etc. Although the role of diminutive labyrinths as a means of politeness is more characteristic of the framework of a codified language, they are also used in the colloquial manner of the literary language. In general, the role of diminutives as a means of politeness in the Russian language can be considered stable. Obviously, it is based on the diverse and, at the same time, specific pragmatics of these formations, which are capable of expressing a positive attitude, care, and underestimating the degree of something undesirable, for example, a defect in appearance. Moreover, the obligatory nature of these units in speech depends on the period and stylistic affiliation of the speech act.
DOI: 10.37632/PI.2021.285.2.005

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