Shahram Nabati. DESIGNATION SPEED OF MOVEMENT BY LANGUAGE UNITS IN RUSSIAN AND PERSIAN LANGUAGES
Movement, normal speed, fast speed, slow speed, Russian language, Persian language.
In this work, the linguistic units denoting the pace of movement in Russian and Persian languages are subject to analysis. Information on the pace of movement is present in most verbs denoting movement. The analysis shows that linguistic units in explicit or latent form indicate the movement of the subject and the object with a normal, fast and slow pace. In the semantics of the verbs denoting moving at a normal pace, information is highlighted about the standard position in space, the absence of means of movement, the availability of means of movement, voluntary movement, characteristic steps (dimensionality, emphasis), etc. Verbs indicating movement at a slow pace transmit information about movement with difficulty, physical disability, movement relative to a support, etc. Verbs indicating a fast pace of movement report movement in the direction of moving away from the subject and the environment of movement, the intention to hit the target, speed, forced movement, intentional immersion in a liquid, complete separation from the surface of two legs at the same time, etc.